Este artículo fue publicado en:

On October 12, 1492, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus made landfall in what is now the Bahamas. Columbus and his ships landed on an island that the native Lucayan Tainopeople called Guanahani. Columbus re-named it San Salvador. 

 No one is quite sure where Guanahani/San Salvador is. Columbus describes the island as “very flat, with very green trees,” and a “very large lake in the middle.” That describes hundreds of islands and atolls in the Bahamas! Columbus isn’t even clear if Guanahani/San Salvador is a single island or a small archipelago.

Juan de la Cosa was a cartographer sailing with Columbus. (He was also the owner of Columbus’ largest vessel, the Santa Maria.) De la Cosa made a map of the voyage years later. While he rather accurately represents the position and shape of the islands we know as Cuba and Hispaniola, the position of Guanahani/San Salvador is unclear.

Historically, most people thought the island first sighted by Columbus’ crew was Watlings Island. In fact, the name of the island was changed to San Salvador in 1925. (It is still called San Salvador today.) However, a National Geographic investigation in the 1980s claimed the real site of Guanahani/San Salvador is the uninhabited island of Samana Cay. Still other historians think Guanahani/San Salvador is the nearby Plana Cays.

Te puede interesar

Prontuario Fiscal 2020Prontuario Fiscal 2020

Ir al Prontuario Fiscal 2021 -> En 2020 entrarán en vigor nuevas y numerosas disposiciones fiscales en materias tan importantes...

Media Credits

The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.


Caryl-Sue, National Geographic Society

Te puede interesar

Cálculo de Una Variable: Trascendentes TempranasCálculo de Una Variable: Trascendentes Tempranas

El estudio del cálculo ayuda a los estudiantes a comprender la disciplina de manera práctica. El modo más importante de...


Caryl-Sue, National Geographic Society

Published in National Geographic Learning blog

Te puede interesar

Principios de economíaPrincipios de economía

¿Por qué debería usted estudiar economía? La razón es sencilla: le ayudará a comprender el mundo en que vive. Existen...